Safer burgers?

first_imgBy Cat HolmesUniversity of GeorgiaFood irradiation is safe, say University of Georgia experts. Butit’s not necessarily popular.The U.S. Department of Agriculture will make irradiated groundbeef available to the nation’s school lunch program by January2004. The recent announcement renewed public debate over thetechnology of food irradiation, which bombards food with gammarays, electron beams or x-rays.At issue, in this case, is children’s safety. Is irradiation atechnology that might help turn back the rising tide offood-borne illness in U.S. schools? Or are school childrengoing to be used as guinea pigs to research a potentiallydangerous food processing technique?”Study after study has demonstrated that low-level irradiation issafe,” said UGA food safety expert Mike Doyle. “The U.S. Centersfor Disease Control and Prevention, the American MedicalAssociation, the World Health Organization and the (U.S.) Foodand Drug Administration have all blessed irradiation at 10kilograys or less.”Public knows littleMany people simply don’t know much about food irradiation. Andthe idea scares them, said UGA Extension Service food safetyspecialist Elizabeth Andress.”Irradiation is one of the most studied food preparationtechniques in history,” Andress said. “There is nothingradioactive about the food. And studies haven’t been able todetect any changes in food composition other than changes similarto food that has been baked or broiled.”Indeed, irradiation renders food safer, said Doyle, director ofthe UGA Center for Food Safety and one of the world’s leadingauthorities on E. coli O157:H7.”It greatly reduces the risk of E. coli and, to a lesser extent,salmonella,” Doyle said. “At the low doses used in foodirradiation, it won’t ensure elimination of harmful microbes in acontaminated product. But it certainly reduces the risk (offood-borne illness).”Public health problemFood-borne illness is a significant public health problem, andcontaminated meat is a major source. The CDC figures food-bornepathogens cause 76 million illnesses, 325,000 hospitalizationsand 5,000 deaths each year. In 2002, nearly 50 million pounds ofcontaminated meat were recalled.Outbreaks of food-borne illness in U.S. schools have increased by10 percent in the past decade. Of the 59 largest outbreaks, 40have been traced to food provided through the federal school mealprograms.While irradiation can greatly reduce the risk of food borneillness, it faces some big hurdles, Doyle said. One is thatconsumers are suspicious of it. The other is that irradiation cancompromise the taste, smell or texture of food.When meat is irradiated, “free radicals form,” Doyle said.”That’s what, in large part, kills the bacteria. The fattier thefood, the more free radicals form, and they oxidize the fat.”Uh, no thanksThe result, say many who have tried ground beef givenpasteurization doses of irradiation, is meat that smells like awet dog.Doyle doesn’t think this has to be a problem for the federalschool lunch program. If the meat is used within a week andprocessed with a minimum dose of irradiation, he said, the odordoesn’t typically occur.Long-term storage, however, may be a problem. If schools freezelarge quantities of meat over the summer, for example, they mayhave to contend with an odor and taste that will send the kidsrunning.”Irradiation is a food safety option,” Doyle said. “However, it’snot the holy grail of food safety.”(Cat Holmes is a science writer with the University of GeorgiaCollege of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.)last_img read more

Rains hurt trees, gardens

first_imgFrom one extreme to another”We had such a long drought and now it’s the other extreme,” hesaid. “The trees have lost their holding power because the rootsystems that became shallow during the drought are now beingdrowned by the excess rain.”There isn’t much homeowners can do to save trees in thiscondition. Fonseca does suggest homeowners avoid working the soilaround the tree roots.”Thinning out the trees to help reduce their weight may help, butthat’s about all you can do,” he said.How do you know if your trees are suspect?Trees that are suffering will begin to die back on the ends ofthe branches. Some trees, like hickories and oaks, will losewhole branches.”Some trees’ leaves begin to change colors, which can be theresult of waterlogged conditions,” Fonseca said. “This isnormally a sign that fall has arrived. In this case, it’s a signof too much rain.” Home gardens suffering, tooThe abundance of rain has hurt home gardens, too.”The high humidity and huge downpours of rain are resulting in ahigh incidence of disease in home gardens,” Fonseca said.”Tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers and squash have all been affected.”Aside from the disease stress, fruit-bearing vegetables generallyprefer to be drier, so yields are down, too.”Home gardeners had a hard time planting their gardens because ofall the rain, and then it was too muddy for them to get intotheir gardens to tend them,” he said.When it’s not too wet to get into your garden to work, mostpeople can’t stand the heat and humidity that often follow summerrains in Georgia.”It’s either pouring like crazy and they can’t get in theirgardens or it’s way too humid,” he said. “It’s reallyuncomfortable to work in a garden when the temperature and thehumidity are in the 90s.”Home gardeners have been calling Fonseca’s office at the UGAGriffin campus seeking help in fighting diseases on theirhomegrown crops.”Most people are fighting early and late blight or leaf spotdiseases,” he said. “We’re also getting a lot of reports ofblossom end rot, which is caused by an unbalance of water.”So what is a home gardener to do, aside from sitting back andwatching their prizewinning tomatoes fall to the ground? Follow these tipsFirst and foremost, Fonseca says, stay out of the garden if theleaves are still wet.”Many diseases move with water, and if you’re in the garden whenit’s wet, you’re helping the pathogens move around from one plantto another,” he said.He suggests removing diseased plants, too, as soon as you seethem.”This helps keep the disease from spreading further and gives theremaining plants more space for air circulation,” he said.Fonseca’s last bit of advice may seem obvious: resist the urge towater your garden.”Sometimes gardeners think they just need to water,” he said.”Watch your plants, and they’ll tell you when they need water.They’ll begin to wilt or start to turn gray.”center_img By Sharon OmahenUniversity of GeorgiaTomatoes are rotting and trees are toppling, and it’s all fromthe rain that Georgians prayed would come.”Leaves are beginning to turn yellow and accumulated runoff isdamaging tree roots,” said Marco Fonseca, a horticulturist withthe University of Georgia. “Trees are actually falling overbecause they’ve lost their adhesiveness to the soil. All thismoisture is causing them to just fall over.”Fonseca said the state’s four-year drought figures into thetrees’ losing their footing.last_img read more

Down the hole

first_imgBy Stephanie SchupskaUniversity of GeorgiaWith more water going down the drain in Georgia than falling from the sky, University of Georgia experts are working on ways to reuse the hot commodity.Gray water is used water collected from showers, baths, sinks or washing machines. It’s not safe to drink, but Georgians could still use it to flush toilets, water yards and save money while conserving water, said Frank Henning, a University of Georgia Cooperative Extension watershed agent.“Gray water is another piece in the puzzle of improving indoor water use efficiency,” he said. “With water shortages, people are trying to find additional water resources. They’re clamoring to know what we can do with gray water.”Henning is working with UGA faculty members and representatives from north Georgia governments, the Georgia Department of Community Affairs and the Georgia Environmental Protection Division. They are developing code recommendations to guide Georgians on how to install and use gray water recycling systems in their homes safely and legally, particularly to flush toilets. Their work is meant as a model for counties considering code changes. Using gray water to flush a toilet may not sound like much. But it adds up. According to the American Water Works Association, the average household uses 69 gallons of water a day. About a quarter of that, or 19 gallons, is used to flush toilets. Showers and baths take up 13 gallons, or 19 percent. Leaks waste 10 gallons, or 14 percent, daily.The gray water advisory group has discussed safety features for recycling systems, such as backflow prevention, purple pipes and dye injection units to separate gray water from drinking water physically and visually. They’ve drawn diagrams to help plumbers install systems correctly, too. When the drought and subsequent water bans sent gardens and lawns from green to dead, Georgians’ interest in reusing water on their landscapes spiked, said Ernie Earn with the Georgia EPD. There are already codes in place to use gray water for irrigation systems, Henning said.Gray water can contain disease-causing microorganisms even after going through a filter and disinfection unit. It can’t be sent through traditional aboveground irrigation systems. But along with used water from the toilet, or black water, it can be released through an underground drip irrigation system that has been approved for onsite wastewater treatment. The Georgia Department of Human Resources has guidelines for installing such systems.“Installing this type of system may have some additional costs and require some extra effort from the design professionals,” Henning said. “But under current regulations, a subsurface drip irrigation system could be used to treat wastewater and irrigate plants.”Another way to save water in the home is to install new low-flow toilets, Henning said. They use only one to two gallons of water per flush. Older toilets use five to seven gallons of water per flush.He also suggests installing low-flow showerheads and fixing leaks. “A homeowner with low-flow, low-flush and no-leak fixtures could save more than 30 gallons of water per day or nearly 11,000 gallons per year,” Henning said.last_img read more

UGA in Haiti

first_imgThe goal of the project, Clinton said, is to “empower farmers to meet the nutritional needs of people.” The rural Acceso depot in Tierra Muscady is one of 35 planned throughout Haiti’s central plateau and northern regions. It functions as a site for training; point of sales for seed and other inputs; storage; and distribution for the community’s peanut farmers. For more information on the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Collaborative Research on Peanut and Mycotoxin, see http://pmil.caes.uga.edu/. Tierra Muscady, Haiti – Peanut research and supply channels in Haiti were boosted recently through an initiative partnership developed by former U.S. President Bill Clinton and philanthropist Frank Giustra, who spent June 29 touring peanut research projects in Haiti with representatives from the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. Peanuts are an important source of food in countries like Haiti, where demand for the legume continues to grow. UGA is leading peanut research and training efforts in the country through its Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Collaborative Research on Peanut and Mycotoxin. The Acceso depots—there are currently five—will supply peanuts primarily to regional buyers that include Meds & Food for Kids and Partners in Health, which are both manufacturers of peanut-based nutrition supplements for children. Among those participating in the launch were Bryan Sobel and Dorvil Weldenson of Meds & Food for Kids, an in-country partner of PMIL. “The farmers in Haiti are willing and able to work, and this enterprise will enable them to become competitive players in a potentially thriving market,” said Mark Gunton, CEO of the Clinton Giustra Enterprise Partnership, in a release. “A market-driven approach to poverty alleviation such as this empowers these farmers to earn a reliable source of income and provide for their families.” The new Clinton Giustra Enterprise Partnership is using technical advice and training in peanut production provided by PMIL scientists, particularly Tim Brenneman and Bob Kemerait of the UGA plant pathology department. “We are working to improve the production, quality and marketability of peanuts as a crop,” said Hoisington, who is also a senior research scientist in the UGA crop and soil sciences department. “We do this by developing high-yielding varieties of mold resistant peanuts and then training smallholder farmers on best practices for producing and marketing healthy crops.” During the visit, Clinton participated in the depot launch, toured a peanut farm and storage facility and sat in on a training session for farmers. Scientists with the partnership also evaluated improved peanut varieties, many of which were bred by UGA crop scientists and made available for farmers to grow and sell in markets through the Acceso depots. UGA staff on hand for the tour were Dave Hoisington, the lab’s director; Jamie Rhoads, incoming assistant director; and Christy Fricks, communications specialist. Known as PMIL, the innovation lab is funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development and is part of the U.S. government’s global hunger and food security initiative called Feed the Future. With a focus on smallholder farmers, particularly women, Feed the Future supports partner countries in developing their agriculture sectors to spur economic growth and trade that increase incomes and reduce hunger, poverty and undernutrition. For more information, see www.feedthefuture.gov. PMIL is continuing to test peanut varieties for performance in Haiti and working to solve existing production problems and providing further training so that farmers can supply the needed peanuts to the Clinton Giustra Enterprise Partnership. The lab’s work is contributing directly to the new Acceso Peanut Enterprise Corp. that was launched by the Clinton Giustra Enterprise Partnership, an initiative of the Clinton Foundation. The supply chain enterprise is designed to improve the livelihoods of more than 12,000 smallholder peanut farmers. The Acceso project supports some of the main goals of PMIL and Feed the Future: scaling up local agriculture, increasing food safety and improving nutrition. last_img read more

Peanut Crop

first_imgGeorgia’s largest peanut crop in more than 20 years could produce great results come harvest season, says Scott Monfort, University of Georgia Cooperative Extension peanut agronomist.“You never know what might happen from now until harvest season, but at this point in time, I’d say we probably have the best crop we’ve had in several years,” Monfort said. “Now, we don’t know what’s in the ground, but just looking at the plants and what I’ve pulled up so far, the pod load looks wonderful.”Monfort attributes Georgia’s strong crop to timely rainfall in south Georgia throughout the summer. Since about half of Georgia’s peanuts are produced on dry land, or land without access to irrigation, growers rely on rain to produce a good crop.“Where we are today is impressive considering that our growers had a rough start getting this crop up and going. We got a lot of rain early, then we got very dry and then we got spotty. Once we got this crop going and started getting some of these rains, the plants have been improving daily,” Monfort said. “We just need for these rains and this sunshine to continue, not just overcast skies.”Along with timely rainfall, Georgia’s peanut crop needs lower temperatures, which are predicted for August.“Usually in August, temperatures are running anywhere between 95 degrees (Fahrenheit) and 100 degrees. Nighttime temperatures are up. We’re also a little bit drier, so the plant is struggling to produce peanuts,” Monfort said. “Having a little breather in temperature will allow the plants to be more efficient.”Georgia farmers started planting peanuts in late March and finished in early July. There are 828,000 certified peanut acres planted in Georgia this year, the state’s highest amount since the early ’90s, Monfort said. Georgia produced 714,168 acres of peanuts last year.“Hopefully the industry understands what’s coming ahead and they’re getting rid of the peanuts from last year,” he said.An abundant crop means farmers could flood the state’s buying points with excess peanuts. However, Georgia’s long planting season should help alleviate those concerns.“Usually we can get all of the peanuts planted in a four- to five-week window. This results in (having) all of those peanuts harvested and brought to the buying points at one time. At least, this year, we’re spread out over a couple of months. That will help,” Monfort said.last_img read more

Georgia Groundbreakers

first_imgThis story is part of a series, called “Georgia Groundbreakers,” that celebrates innovative and visionary faculty, students, alumni and leaders throughout the history of the University of Georgia — and their profound, enduring impact on our state, our nation and the world.You may never have heard the name Glenn Burton before, but you’ve almost certainly seen his handiwork.In a career spanning more than six decades, most of which was spent as a professor at the University of Georgia’s Tifton campus, Burton established himself as one of the world’s most prolific agricultural scientists. You don’t have to search long to find one of his creations.From championship golf courses and international venues like the Olympics and the World Cup to the turf that adorns the playing surface in UGA’s Sanford Stadium, Burton created new grass varieties that have become the international standard for excellence in the sporting world.But the scientific genius that allowed Burton to create lush, green fairways on golf courses and turf capable of withstanding punishment on the gridiron also enabled him to develop new crop varieties that fed millions of hungry people during a time when the world was struggling to produce enough food for a rapidly growing population.He saved countless lives during the Green Revolution of the 1960s, and Burton’s many contributions continue to inspire scientists working to create a more dependable food supply today.“Helping feed the hungry of the world is my greatest accomplishment,” Burton is quoted as saying. “It was important to me because I saw those hungry people, and I was able to help them.”In 1983, Burton was awarded a National Medal of Science by President Ronald Reagan “for outstanding contributions to the biological sciences that have helped to feed the hungry, protect and beautify the environment and provide recreation for millions.”Feeding the hungryBurton’s story began, appropriately enough, on his family’s farm in Clatonia, Nebraska. He was born Glenn Willard Burton in 1910, the only child of Joseph and Nellie Burton, and he worked the land alongside his parents using horse-drawn equipment.He attended a one-room country school through the eighth grade before graduating from high school in 1927. Burton received his bachelor’s degree from the University of Nebraska in 1932 and moved to Rutgers University, where he received his master’s and doctoral degrees in 1933 and 1936, respectively.Burton and his wife, Helen, moved to Georgia following his graduation, where he would spend the remainder of his career at UGA-Tifton with the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences developing new and innovative plant varieties for agriculture and recreation.“I don’t think I’ve ever met a person or known a person that was more dedicated to research than he was,” said Wayne Hanna, a professor of crop and soil sciences who worked closely with Burton for a number of years. “He didn’t watch television — he only read scientific literature and his only real hobby was gardening.”Burton spent almost every waking hour thinking about ways to improve plants, and he would happily share his love of science with anyone willing to listen.“He was sitting at a table next to me at a wedding, and I overheard him telling guests the details of reciprocal recurrent phenotypic selection,” Hanna said. “I don’t think they had a clue what he was talking about, but that’s just how passionate he was about his work. He would talk about it nonstop if you let him.”And his was a passion that changed the world.By 1960, Burton became one of the most sought-after experts on plant genetics, breeding and development. He traveled to more than 50 countries, where he would consult with researchers and students about crop improvement.It was also a time of great concern. The world’s population was growing at an unprecedented rate, and scientists issued dire warnings about the possibility of mass starvation unless farmers could find a way to produce more food.Burton had been working on different varieties of pearl millet, a grain crop grown in many parts of Asia and Africa, and he developed a partnership with scientists from The Rockefeller Foundation who were working to increase crop yields in developing countries.Burton gave Rockefeller scientists a packet of pearl millet seeds that he had developed in Tifton, a cross between U.S. versions of the crop and Indian cultivars, which could grow in climates once considered too arid for grain production.Indian farmers began experimenting with his seeds, and the results were nothing short of astonishing.Pearl millet production increased from 3.5 million metric tons in 1965 to 8 million metric tons by 1970. From the seeds Burton provided, Indian scientists were able to produce new hybrid plants that yielded 88% more grain than other varieties.Burton’s work on pearl millet and Nobelist Norman Borlaug’s work on wheat are credited with helping to prevent famine in India, according to Arnel Hallauer, Burton’s biographer and Distinguished Professor Emeritus at Iowa State University.From farmland to fairwaysWhile helping to feed the hungry of the world may be Burton’s greatest legacy, it is not his only one. He led an extraordinarily productive laboratory at UGA-Tifton, which celebrates its centennial this year, and his discoveries proved invaluable for the region’s agricultural industry.When he arrived in Tifton, he quickly realized that the cattle industry in the Southeast U.S. suffered from a lack of quality forage grass, and he began experimenting with Bermuda grass around 1936 to help solve the problem.Bermuda grass was a controversial choice, because at the time it was considered an invasive weed that plagued crop farmers. Seeds from Bermuda grass would blow into fields and, if not dealt with quickly, could overtake farmland and destroy crops.But in just a few years, Burton managed to create a hybrid grass that was a mixture of local grasses and grasses taken from South Africa. It had to be propagated by planting sprigs, not seed, so it was unlikely to invade neighboring fields. The grass more than doubled forage production in the American South, and farmers planted millions of acres with Burton’s creation.“He completely revolutionized the cattle industry in the Southeast,” said Hanna. In effect, Burton had taken one of the region’s worst weeds and turned it into one of the world’s best forage grasses.Burton would continue his research on grasses, releasing newer and better varieties, including ‘Tifton 85’, which remains one of the top forage grasses in the world.News spread quickly about Burton’s expertise, and he was approached by the United States Golf Association, which offered him $500 a year to research new grasses for golf greens, tees and fairways. Never one to shy away from an opportunity to conduct more research, Burton agreed.Things weren’t so great for Southern golfers at the time. Many putting greens were nothing more than compacted sand that were painted green to give the illusion of a traditional putting surface.But Burton’s ingenuity quickly remedied that situation. He produced a number of hybrid Bermuda grasses that still adorn courses throughout the South.“He was looking for specific characteristics [in grass] that would enable the golfer to play a better game of golf,” said Earl Elsner, an agronomist who worked for more than 30 years at UGA. “I don’t think Dr. Burton ever played a game of golf, but he studied it, he talked to people, he discussed it with superintendents to the point that he understood what the golf game required.”A life of serviceHis tireless work ethic combined with his insatiable scientific curiosity made Burton a giant in his field, but you’d never know it.“I remember him talking with local farmers on the phone at night … trying to help them figure out a problem or giving them advice,” said Glenn Burton’s son Robert Burton. “Dad always had time for anyone.”It was the work that ultimately gave Burton the greatest satisfaction — the never-ending quest for something better, something stronger, something that would help more people.Before his death in 2005, he and his wife established the Glenn and Helen Burton Feeding the Hungry Scholarship, which is awarded to doctoral students at UGA whose research involves the development of food crops.“He loved what he was doing and he wanted to share that with students,” Robert Burton said. “He was happy doing research and he wanted to live a hands-on way of life.”last_img read more

2019-20 Ambassadors

first_imgNearly 40 University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (CAES) Ambassadors are ready to welcome back students, faculty and staff for another school year on both the Athens and Tifton campuses.The CAES Ambassador program is designed to help CAES students develop leadership and professional skills by representing the college at events, helping with activities such as Orientation 2.0, and speaking about topics related to agriculture, the environment and student opportunities at CAES.Students are expected to be knowledgeable about CAES, their respective campuses and UGA overall. At the same time, CAES Ambassadors gain leadership and communication skills through professional development training, said Pam Cummins, director of student recruitment for the Athens campus.“Our college is fortunate to have a successful ambassador program which has been assisting CAES with recruitment and public relations for more than 30 years,” Cummins said. “CAES Ambassadors also participate in professional and leadership development to further each one toward success after graduation.”For third-year agricultural communication major Grace Dodds, serving as an ambassador allows her to represent an incredibly diverse and talented student body.“I came from a high school where agriculture is not typically a topic of discussion, but being a student in the college has taught me the importance of agriculture and the role I want to play in the industry in my future career,” Dodds said. “But this college means more to me than just that. I am surrounded by fellow students who have diverse backgrounds such as mine and who are very talented and bright. It is an honor to be able to serve a student body like that of CAES.”Below is a list of CAES Ambassadors for the Athens and Tifton campuses:AthensJulie Bacon, agricultural communication major from Reidsville, GeorgiaKatelyn Bickett, agricultural communication major from Chickamauga, GeorgiaCourtney Cameron, agriscience and environmental systems major from Valdosta, GeorgiaBlake Carter, agribusiness major from Glennville, GeorgiaReaganne Coile, agricultural communication major from Bogart, GeorgiaEdith Copeland, agribusiness major from Fort Valley, GeorgiaJared Daniel, agribusiness major from Bogart, GeorgiaMaggie David, agricultural communication major from Statesboro, GeorgiaGrace Dodds, agricultural communication major from Columbus, GeorgiaKristen Dunning, agricultural communication major from Dallas, GeorgiaZion Eberhart, biological science major from Ellenwood, GeorgiaCarter Henry, agribusiness and applied economics major from Valdosta, GeorgiaKenna Hills, animal science and dairy science major from Evans, GeorgiaNicole Hofland, agricultural engineering and agriscience and environmental systems major from Suwanee, GeorgiaMorgan Jones, animal science major from Americus, GeorgiaHunter Manning, biological science major from Rome, GeorgiaTristan Melton, biological science major from Dawsonville, GeorgiaAmelia Payne, biological science major from Euharlee, GeorgiaLindsay Smith, biological science major from Lithia Springs, GeorgiaTristan Smith, agribusiness major from Harrison, GeorgiaHamp Thomas, agricultural and applied economics major from Summerville, GeorgiaKelly Tims, biological science and entomology major from Canton, GeorgiaJackson Wadsworth, agribusiness and applied economics major from Monroe, GeorgiaRebecca Wallace, agricultural communication major from Alpharetta, GeorgiaJake Williams, biological science major from Dublin, GeorgiaMakayla West, biological science major from Comer, GeorgiaTiftonMary Mikelyn Brurton, agribusiness major from Homerville, GeorgiaMakenzie Cioffi, agricultural education major from Augusta, GeorgiaEthan Cobb, agribusiness major from Lavonia, GeorgiaLauren Dubberly, agriscience and environmental systems major from Statesboro, GeorgiaMarlyn Grantham, agricultural education, Columbus, GeorgiaKameron Landeen, agriscience and environmental systems major from Homerville, GeorgiaMakenna Mabrey, agricultural education major from Baldwin, GeorgiaShelby Sangster, agriscience and environmental systems major from Pineview, GeorgiaLindsey Stone, agricultural education major from Lakeland, GeorgiaNicole Taylor, agricultural education major from Tifton, GeorgiaJosh Thrift, agricultural education major from Alma, GeorgiaFor more information on how to become involved in the CAES Ambassador program, please visit the Athens campus CAES Ambassadors website or the Tifton campus CAES Ambassadors website.last_img read more

Dairy Science Honors

first_imgUniversity of Georgia animal and dairy science students won several honors at the national American Dairy Science Association-Student Affiliate Division (ADSA-SAD) meeting in June, and UGA senior Alyssa Rauton was elected president of ADSA-SAD for 2020-21.Mary “Kenne” Hillis, a dairy science major, won first place Original Research Presentation for her work on evaluating the use of pulse oximetry, lactate levels and lung ultrasounds in predicting respiratory illness in dairy calves. Her project was funded by the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences’ Undergraduate Research Initiative, which gives students the opportunity to conduct research under the direction of a faculty member, giving them hands-on research experience.Poultry science major Audrianna Crews placed second for her Dairy Foods Presentation on evaluating the impact of novel products to the dairy market on fluid milk utilization.In addition to her election as ADSA-SAD president, Rauton, an avian biology major with a minor in animal science, won third place for her Dairy Production Presentation on manipulating circadian rhythms through controlled light-dark phases in the prepartum period on cow lactation performance.Jillian Bohlen, associate professor of animal and dairy science and UGA Dairy Science Club advisor, guided the students on three presentations that received honors.“This group of students has made me incredibly proud as their advisor. To design projects, build abstracts and create presentations, not only for their peers but for industry professionals across the world, is a work ethic worth applauding,” Bohlen said. “To stay the course and remain dedicated to the task following the move to virtual during these uncertain times is worthy of additional kudos. Additionally, for Alyssa to earn the trust of her peers across this nation to lead the organization is a remarkable honor. I am proud not only of their accolades but of their willingness to finish the drill despite the ups and downs the past few months have brought.”The ADSA is an international organization of educators, scientists and industry representatives who are committed to advancing the dairy industry and keenly aware of the vital role dairy plays in fulfilling the economic, nutritive and health requirements of the world’s population.For more information on the ADSA-SAD awards, visit adsa.org/Membership/Student-Affiliate-Division/Awards. Learn more about the Department of Animal and Dairy Science at ads.caes.uga.edu.last_img read more

Physicians to receive guides about domestic violence

first_imgVERMONT PHYSICIANS TO RECEIVE GUIDES ABOUTDOMESTIC VIOLENCEBerlin, VT – A physician guide about domestic violence will be distributed to all Vermont primary care providers, emergency room providers and OB/GYNs as part of a New England-wide project, organizers have announced.The cost of intimate partner violence exceeds $5.8 billion each year, 4.1 billion of which is for direct medical and mental health care services, according to a 2003 study by the CDC. The health effects of domestic violence are staggering. In addition to the immediate trauma and injuries caused by abuse, domestic violence contributes to a number of chronic health problems and can interfere with the management of other illnesses.This puts health care providers in a unique position to help victims of abuse if they know how to detect domestic violence and provide victims with referrals and support. This year Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Vermont has joined forces with the Vermont Network Against Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault, and Blue Cross and Blue Shield Plans from across New England.To address this community need, a “physicians guide” will be distributed to all primary care providers (internists, family practitioners, and pediatricians) as well as Emergency Room providers and OB/GYNs in New England on October 14th in honor of Health Cares About Domestic Violence. 10,000 practitioners will receive guides and “victim safety cards” that outline safety tips for victims leaving a violent situation and the numbers to call for help. The guide is a joint production of Blue Cross and Blue Shield Plans in New England states along with the individual state domestic violence support organizations.Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Vermont is the state’s oldest and largest private health insurer, providing coverage for about 180,000 Vermonters. It employs over 350 Vermonters at its headquarters in Berlin and branch office in Williston, and offers group and individual health plans to Vermonters. More information about Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Vermont is available on the Internet at www.bcbsvt.com(link is external). Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Vermont is an independent corporation operating under a license with the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association, an association of independent Blue Cross and Blue Shield Plans.(End)last_img read more

VEDA approves $3.9M in projects

first_img$3.9 MILLION IN PROJECT FINANCING COMMITMENTSAPPROVED BY VERMONT ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTAUTHORITY (VEDA) BOARD OF DIRECTORSStowe, VT A Bennington manufacturer will expand operations, a NortheastKingdom logger will purchase a protected forest parcel, and a Barre video companywill renovate their headquarters with $3.9 million in financing assistance approved bythe Vermont Economic Development Authority (VEDA) Board of Directors.Approved projects are:Vermont Composites, Inc., Bennington A $2.6 million industrial revenue bondinducement, and an $800,000 direct loan were approved by the VEDA Board, enablingVermont Composites, Inc. (VCI) to purchase the former Bijur Lubricating building, andexpand their manufacturing operations. Key Bank and the Town of Bennington arealso financing partners in the project. VCI is a leading manufacturer of carbon fibercomposite materials used in the aerospace and defense, medical equipment,automobile, and sporting goods industries. VCI employs 104 people, and it isanticipated that within three years, the expansion project will increase employment to182. In addition to land and building acquisition, Phase I of the $4,000,000 project willinvolve the installation of new production facilities and equipment. Phase II, to becompleted in spring, 2005, will involve re-roofing the facility and installation of a newautomated paint line.Peter Zaun and Dorene DeLuca, West Burke A $357,500 Farm Ownership Loanwas approved through the Vermont Agricultural Credit Corporation (VACC), VEDAsagricultural lending program, enabling established logger Peter Zaun and DoreneDeLuca to purchase a protected 935-acre forest parcel on Nurse Mountain in Granbyand Guildhall. The parcel, currently owned by the Trust for Public Lands, is subject to aVermont Forests and Parks Department easement requiring that the property bemanaged and timber removed in such a way that lasting adverse ecological impacts areminimized, wildlife habitat is enhanced, and a continuing, renewable, and long-termforest is assured.VideoVision Video Production Company, Inc., Barre A $163,000 SBA 504 loanwas approved, enabling Anthony and Cynthia Campos to renovate two buildings inBarre, parts of which are used to house VideoVision Production Company. TheCampos have owned and operated VideoVision since 1988; the company producescommercials and other videos for local companies, and films municipal meetings andsports events for broadcast on Central Vermont Community Television, a tenant in oneof the buildings. Total renovation costs are $397,319; the Merchants Bank is alsoparticipating in the project.VEDAs mission is to promote economic prosperity in Vermont by providingfinancial assistance to eligible businesses, including manufacturing, agricultural, andtravel and tourism enterprises. In its thirty-year history, VEDA has made financingcommitments totaling over $1 billion.-30-last_img read more